Indian women wearing assam traditional dress

11 Famous Assam Traditional Dress | TIC Blog

11 Famous Assam Traditional Dress & Designs for Women & Girls

The best thing about traditional dresses is that most of them are hand woven. People plant household looms and produce delicate dresses in Assam. In addition, Assam is home to various tribes, each having a flair of its own traditional dress.

These tribes gain expertise in weaving and promoting the Assam dressing style. They have talented artisans who learn these skills from their elders. It's like a revelation that is being transferred to generations.

The Cultural Significance of Assam Traditional Dress

Elegant Mekhela Chadors and ornate Xorai turbans are only two examples of the wide variety of Assam's traditional dresses and accessories that make up the vibrant cultural tapestry of Assam. There is a whole ocean waiting to unfold for you.

Traditional attire is a potent expression of pride and identity for the people of Assam. It helps maintain the state's cultural legacy. Designs like these frequently feature significant symbols.

Without much further ado, let's look at 11 famous Assam traditional dresses that women and girls prefer to wear on special occasions and daily.

Number 1: Mekhela Chador - Famous Traditional Assam Dressing Style

The most popular Assam traditional dress among women and girls of Assam is Mekhela Chador. The Mekhela is the lower draping component, and the Chador is the shawl-like upper section of this two-piece garment. The Mekhela is wrapped around the wearer's waist, and the Chador is slung over one shoulder in this Assam traditional dress.

Intricate motifs, embroidery, and beads make this traditional clothing exemplary. It is often made of silk, cotton, or other traditional fabrics. The outfit comprises primary colours, including red, green, yellow, and blue.

Indian women wearing assam traditional dress

Assam dressing style for women is usually redirected towards special occasions like religious ceremonies, festivals, and marriages, in Mekhela Chador. Similarly, many rural and Assam dresses for ladies who have come of age wear them daily. The garment has significant cultural meaning and is essential to the identity of the Assamese people.

The ensemble is characterised by its minimalism. It consists of a single wraparound garment that can be adorned in multiple ways. You can choose accessories from top to bottom accordingly. When women continue to wear the Mekhela Chador, they do their part to preserve and promote Assam's traditional dress.

Alternatively, you may wish to take a look at the various types of embroidered suits we offer or browse through them on your own

Number 2: Rigu - Cultural Assam Traditional Dresses for Women of All Age

Please don't confuse Rigu with Riha, a part of the three-piece Mekhela Chador. Rigu is a skirt type of dress that stays consistent with the body although hanging loose. It's a long cloth tied at the waist and loosely hanging to the ankles.

It's a beautiful cultural Assam traditional dress because it's weaved and produced on household looms. Bathormai is a kind of Rigu, and we will learn about it in detail below. Rigu is also considered a more standard piece of cloth than Mekhele Chador.

The design patterns and Assam dress styles differ from what we see in other dresses. However, they are trendy among young girls because of their stylish look.

Number 3: Rijamphai - Assam Traditional Dresses Worn by Young Women

In Assam, India, women traditionally wear a vest-like garment known as a Rijamphai (also spelled Rikhaosa). It's worn on top of a saree or Mekhela Chador and features elaborate patterns, embroidery, and beads.

Colours like red, green, yellow, and blue are commonly used in Rijamphai artwork. In addition, it is an accessory worn by community women at weddings, festivals, and religious ceremonies as an extension of the traditional dress.

Number 4: Bathormai - Assam Culture Dress for Girls and Women

The Bathormai is often worn throughout the warmer months because it is a lightweight and comfortable garment. It is a kind of Rigu, with the main difference being Bathormai having only a single design throughout. Bathormai is a rectangular fabric often made of cotton and decorated with elaborate patterns, embroidery, and beads. Colours like red, green, yellow, and blue are frequently employed in Bathormai.

In Assam, it is worn with the Mekhela Chador, the Dokhna, and the Gamosa. It covers the upper torso and is wrapped over the shoulders. The Bathormai is a great everyday accessory because it complements classic and contemporary looks.

Indian women wearing assam traditional dress

As a gift or token of appreciation, it is also given to highly regarded people in the community to show them how much they are appreciated.

---Do you also want to know about Traditional Indian Wedding Dresses? Visit our blog titled "Traditional Indian Wedding Dresses for Women & Girls: Top Looks and FAQs" ---

Number 5: Koum Kontong - Traditional Assam Dress for Ladies

Koum Kontong is hand-woven on a backstrap loom by women. These garments are typically wrapped around the waist like a skirt and are fancy and brightly coloured. They are coupled with Kambangs for a more traditional look.

Kambangs are a prime example of Assam dress for ladies that are similar to stoles except that they cover the upper body. Koum Kontong comes in bright colours and eye-pleasing designs. They are made lavishly stylish and attract both young girls and women.

The women of the Rabha tribe in Koun Kontang dresses impress in bright, hand-sewn blouses. Also known as Labok, this thin belt comprises several miniature conch shells or pearl balls and is worn around the woman's waist.

Number 6: Yakan Age-Gasar - The Fashionable Assam Dress Style

The women of the Mising Tribe traditionally wear a black Mekhela Chador known as Yakan Age-Gasa. In Assam, India, ladies traditionally wear a chador over a Mekhela, a lower garment (a veil worn over the head and shoulders). It looks more fashionable due to its intense black shades. And who doesn't like a black dresses?

Yakan Age-Gasa is a stylish and graceful cultural Assam traditional dress style worn by the ladies of the Mising community during traditional festivals and ceremonies. It's also a major part of the Mising people's sense of self and a significant representation of their heritage.

There are also a number of categories from which to choose.

Number 7: Dokhna - Assam Traditional Dress for Young Girls

Women in Assam, India, especially of The Bodo Tribe, are known for their grace and beauty in the traditional clothing known as the Dokhna. It is a piece of clothing consisting of a single fabric, usually silk or cotton, that has been elaborately decorated with embroidery, beading, or other decorative techniques.

Assam dress style is evident in the Dokhna dress. Dokhna's allure is heightened using bright and bold hues, including reds, greens, yellows, blues, and Agor. A Dokhna with an Agor is used as a bridal dress. Starting from the chest, it is wrapped around the whole body. The dress's distinctive draping is achieved by tucking the cloth at the waist and hanging it over one shoulder while leaving the other uncovered.

Dokhna is more than just a garment; it is an invaluable part of Assam's traditional dress legacy passed down from mother to daughter.

Indian women wearing assam traditional dress

Number 8: Gamosa - Assam Traditional Dresses for Girls

Women in Assam, India, traditionally wore clothing called the Gamosa, which is known for its understated beauty. It is a rectangular fabric representing Assamese culture; it is usually made of cotton and features elaborate designs and themes.

This Assam traditional dress mainly comprises primary colours, including red, yellow, green, and blue.

The Gamosa is a very adaptable cultural Assam traditional dress that may be worn in various ways to suit the occasion and the user's taste. The clothing symbolises honour and respect for Assamese culture and heritage. Moreover, it is thought to bring the wearer good fortune and wealth.

--- Also, would you like to know more about the importance of ethnic wear for women? Visit our blog Named IMPORTANCE OF ETHNIC WEAR FOR WOMEN.Top FAQ's ---

Number 9: Salvar Kamiz - Traditional Assam Dresses for Young Girls 

Women in Assam, India, traditionally wear a stunning and elegant attire called the Salwar Kamiz. It consists of a long tunic top (called a "Kamiz") and a pair of baggy pants (named "Salwar") that are worn together.

Intricate motifs, embroidery, and beaded embellish the clothing, which is often made of cotton, silk, or other traditional fabrics. In addition, colours like red, green, yellow, and blue are used to significantly affect the dress.

Weddings, festivals, religious celebrations, and traditional dances are just a few special events where the Salwar Kamiz is worn. Every day, ladies and girls of all ages don this Assam traditional dress. It is a cultural Assam traditional dress and is essential to the identity of the Assamese people.

The traditional design adds a touch of grace and elegance to the otherwise casual and easy-to-wear dress. This dress, which honours the history and culture of Assam dressing style, strikes the ideal balance between the old and the new. Wearing the dress is considered a good omen and a symbol of respect for Assamese tradition and culture.

Number 10: Sualkuchi Saree - Traditional Assam Sarees for Brides  

The Sualkuchi town of the Kamrup district of Assam, India, is famous for its traditional Sualkuchi Saree. Muga silk, used to make these sarees, is a variety of silk that can only be found in Assam and is widely regarded among the world's finest silks. It's an an-on to an already enriching Assam dressing style.

Unique Characteristics of Sualkuchi Sarees

  1. Handwoven: Skilled weavers use hand-spun Muga silk and natural dyes to create the sarees' elaborate designs and patterns.
  2. Muga Silk: Sualkuchi sarees use special silk called Muga silk, which is only grown in Assam. The silk is known for its natural golden colour and durability, making it a highly sought-after material for Assam traditional sarees.
  3. Intricate designs: The designs are inspired by nature, such as flowers, animals, and traditional symbols.
  4. Natural Dyes: Sualkuchi is dyed using naturally processed colours.

--- Want to know more about traditional Indian dresses? Visit our blogs about traditional dresses ---

    Number 11: Chairchin - Lightweight Traditional Dresses for Women

    The women of the Thai Phake Tribe in Assam, India, traditionally wore a dress called a Chairchin. They look stunning when wrapped around the waist and are lightweight.

    A lovely striped girdle completes the costume at the waist. This girdle features intricate embroidery, beadwork, and design work on cotton woven in the area.

    Women of the Thai Phake community wear the Chairchin during special ceremonies and festivals to honour the community's rich history.

    What can The Indian Couture do for You?

    Our designers and artisans at The Indian Couture are highly skilled in creating one-of-a-kind versions of Assam traditional dresses for formal events (weddings, festivals, etc.) and everyday wear.

    We are skilled in the art of creating beautiful salwar kameezes. Many different styles are currently displayed in our web store.

    We tailor our designs, patterns, and construction to fit your specifications.

    We also offer bespoke services for Assam traditional dress.

    Tell us what you require, and we'll see that it gets done.

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